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 Fundamentals of Mechanical Technology E401 QR Code
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Fundamentals of Mechanical Technology



Mechanical engineering is at the center of the chemical, oil, gas, and petrochemical industries. It requires familiarity not only with sound engineering principles, but also with other engineering techniques including inspection, monitoring, and condition evaluation. The mechanical engineer is interested in safe containment and movement of solids, liquids, and gases. Of specific importance are material properties, design, static & rotating equipment design, inspection, and repair as well as an understanding of maintenance strategies and condition monitoring.

Course Objectives:

At the end of this course the participants will be able to:

  • Perform NDE (Non-Destructive Examination) for static and rotating equipment
  • Select proper materials for static and rotating equipment
  • Understand the principle of operation and design for this equipment
  • Protect the equipment from corrosion
  • Identify different mode failures of static and rotating equipment

Targeted Audience:

  • Technical & Non-technical personnel in the chemical, petrochemical, oil & mechanical industries with a need to understand and discuss fundamental mechanical engineering issues
  • Maintenance and project engineers, production engineers, trainee mechanical engineers, and plant operators
  • Non-experienced personnel needing a basic understanding of Mechanical Engineering concepts

Course Outlines:

Unit 1: Introduction & Fundamentals:

  • Engineering Material Properties
  • Stress and Strain
  • Fracture failure, Modes, Stress concentration, Fracture toughness
  • Fatigue failure, testing and mechanism
  • Temperature Considerations and Creep Failure
  • Identification of Damage Mechanisms
  • Mechanical Design
  • ASME & API
  • Codes & Standards
  • Design for static strength

Unit 2: Materials Selection and Inspection:

  • Materials Selection
  • Materials of Construction
  • Carbon Steels
  • Alloy Steels
  • Stainless Steels
  • Nickel Based and Titanium Alloys
  • Inspection techniques
  • Visual
  • Penetrant
  • Magnetic Flux
  • Eddy Current Inspections
  • X-Ray & Gamma-ray
  • Ultrasonics – TOFD & Pulse-Echo

Unit 3: Valves, Piping & Fitness for Service:

  • Valves
  • Valve Types
  • Valve Characteristics
  • Valve Applications
  • Valve Selection
  • Valve Actuators
  • Piping & Pipelines
  • ASME B31
  • Pipe Types, construction and Schedules
  • Steel Pipes
  • Welded Types and Sections
  • Flanges and Gaskets
  • Plastic Pipes, Composite Pipes
  • Pipe Coatings and Linings
  • Pipe Supports and insulation blocks
  • Stress relief in Piping Design
  • Pigging
  • Water hammer
  • Overview of API 570 - Inspection & repair of Pipelines & Piping
  • API 579 overview
  • Fitness for Service

Unit 4: Corrosion:

  • Corrosion Fundamentals
  • Types of Corrosion
  • Corrosion Inspection and Monitoring
  • Corrosion Minimization
  • Coatings
  • Inhibitors
  • Cathodic Protection

Unit 5: Compressors:

  • Types of Compressors – Reciprocating, Centrifugal and Screw
  • Blading and Staging
  • Performance Curves
  • Compressed Air Usage and instruments
  • Glands and Mechanical Seals

Unit 6: Mechanical Maintenance:

  • Strategies & Philosophies
  • Maintenance system optimization
  • Maintenance Management Systems
  • Condition Monitoring
  • Vibration Analysis
  • Shaft Alignment

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